|SOME ASPECTS OF CHANGES IN RURAL POPULATION AND
FATE OF TB CASES AFTER AN INTERVAL OF TWELVE YEARS
|MS Krishnamurthy, KR Rangaswamy, AN Shashidhara &
GC Banerjee: NTI Newsletter, 1974, 11, 1-7.
During second epidemiological survey carried out
in 1972-73, special efforts were made in 21 of 62 villages belonging
to first survey (1961-62) to study the demographic changes and fate
of TB cases after an interval of 12 years.
The findings were: The increase of dejure population
was about 20% over a period of 12 years i.e., an annual increase
of 1.7%. The age structure had altered mainly due to significant
increase in the age group 60 years and above 51% to 64% indicating
aging of population. The loss of original population after 12 years
was 44%, of which 33% was due to migration and 11% due to death.
The overall migration was more among females. The migration rate
was higher in younger age group, being highest in 10-19 years (49%),
next in 0-9 years (38%). Thus, overall migration in 0-19 years was
43%. The death rate was highest in 60 years and above (58%). It
varied from 4-9% in age group 0-39 years. Original population available
after 12 years for re-examination was 56%. Distribution in different
age groups were; 0-9yr = 57%, 10-19yrs = 47%, 20-49yrs = 66%, 50-59yrs
= 44%, 60yrs and more = 28%.
Out of 88 X-ray suspect cases of earlier survey,
87 could be identified and present status of 72 were known. Of them,
16 were normal, 12 and 4 found to be suspect cases and bacillary
cases respectively and 40 had died. Of the remaining fifteen, 11
migrated and 4 not examined. Out of 14 bacillary cases, 13 could
be identified. Of them, 3 were sputum negatives (2 normal and 1
suspect case) 9 had died and 1 migrated.
|KEYWORDS: FATE, CASE, SUSPECT CASE, MORTALITY,
MIGRATION, RURAL POPULATION, DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES, SURVEY.