|REPORT ON THE FIRST AND SECOND PASSIVE FOLLOW-UPS
OF CHILD POPULATION IN 0-14 YEARS AGE GROUP IN A SLUM AREA OF BANGALORE
|S Dwarakanath, Sukant Singh and R Rajalakshmi: NTI
Newsletter 1977, 14, 97-104.
The findings of the two follow-ups conducted passively,
in a slum area of Bangalore city, each at an interval of one year,
are presented here. The objectives of the follow-ups were to study
the migration, episodes of sickness and health status of sick people
of initial survey over a period of time in the pediatric age group.
The information was collected by two ways: (1) by visiting each
house to collect information on sickness among them during the preceding
year as per the questionnaire. (2) Going through the records of
the Area Health Centre about various morbidities among the residents
of the area pertaining to symptoms, diagnosis and treatment during
any year noted.
Migration had occurred upto 7% in 0-9 year age
group within first year and no migration during second year in 0-4
year age group. Out of 400 children belonging to 0-14 years, had
symptoms related to respiratory system. In all, 5 children were
diagnosed as case of active primary tuberculosis, non-e died in two
years and one had persistent respiratory symptoms. Hospital records
showed that only 1 out of 5 had attended any health facility with
respiratory symptoms. The usefulness of passive follow-up without
clinical investigations as a tool, needs to be reviewed. Most of
the symptomatics do not go to hospital. Diagnosis cannot be arrived
at by passive follow-up. It may be necessary to decrease the interval
of follow-ups if it is desired to get precise idea on frequency
of episodes of sickness, as most of the sicknesses are forgotten
by the population with passage of time.
|KEY WORDS: PASSIVE FOLLOW-UP, URBAN, SLUM COMMUNITY,
CHILDREN, SICKNESS, MIGRATION.