|MEDICAL PRACTICE IN INDIA: ITS SOCIOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
|D Banerji: Antiseptic 1962, 59, 125-29.
Before the advent of western system of medicine
in the eighteenth century, the practice of the empirical indigenous
system of medicine of very high standard was in vogue in India.
However, with growing industrialization in Europe allopathic
system made spectacular progress of which Indian sub
continent could not remain unaffected during British rule. As a
result, indigenous systems of medicine declined and became
more or less cult of the quacks. Only a small fraction of
the educated Indians have a chance to acquire knowledge of western
medicine and only a few could afford to avail these services while
millions of Indians living all over the country had very little
use of very advanced medical institutions based in big cities. Even
after 14 years of political independence India continues to be the
home of preventable epidemics as well as has high incidence
of innumerable communicable diseases. Extreme poverty is perhaps
the most important factor responsible for the poor state of health
of the people in India. A plan for having better nutrition, better
water supply, housing and better education will certainly result
in great improvement in the national health. In the initial stage
of social development all efforts should be directed to provide
basic elementary medical and public health services
to the entire population. The doctor going to work in an interior
village in India must have a wide and varied knowledge of the preventive
and curative aspects of medicine, all specialization rolled into
one. The state must provide free medical care to all, particularly
to the poor. In the concept of socialized medicine there is no place
of top sided approach of having highly trained doctors who have
nothing to offer to the public other than some useless mixtures.
What is urgently needed is a social transformation of the practice
of public health and medicine in India.
|KEY WORDS: MEDICAL PRACTICES, SOCIAL ASPECTS.