|TUBERCULOSIS: A PROBLEM OF SOCIAL PLANNING IN DEVELOPING
|D Banerji: Medical Care 1965, 3, 151-59.
The problem of tuberculosis in a developing country
such as India must be considered in the overall social and economic
context. Massive investment of money and resources to eradicate
tuberculosis may interfere with other measures more important for
the country's progress. But a limited investment in a suitably oriented
tuberculosis programme could hasten the decline of the disease.
Social planners thus face a special challenge in such countries.
The problems are almost over whelming, while the resources available
are extremely limited; scientists will have to formulate programmes
which will ensure that these resources are utilised to give a maximal
return from the investment. Thus, in considering tuberculosis as
a problem of social planning in developing countries it will have
to be dealt with at three different levels:
(a) Recognising the implications of factors other
than a specific tuberculosis programme on the incidence of the disease;
(b) devising methods that could offer the best possible returns
from the available resources, both at any given point of time as
well as at different time intervals; and (c) determining priority
for allocating resources in a socially applicable tuberculosis programme.
The National Tuberculosis Institute, Bangalore has used operational
approach for formulating a nationally applicable and acceptable
tuberculosis programme for India. The sequence of steps that led
to the formulation of tuberculosis programme in India can as well
be applied to develop a similar programme in any developing country.
|KEY WORDS: SOCIAL PLANNING, ECONOMIC ASPECTS.