|ACCEPTABILITY OF BCG VACCINATION AMONG RURAL COMMUNITY
|MA Seetha, N Srikantaramu & Hardan Singh: Indian
J Prev & Soc Med 1980, 2, 57-63.
A study on acceptability of BCG vaccination, through
specialised technicians in a population of 8350 residing in 8 villages
of Channapatna taluk of Bangalore district, was carried out by National
Tuberculosis Institute. Of the 1106 households satisfactorily interviewed,
956 (86.4%) had at least one child eligible for vaccination. For
the purpose of analysis they were classified into three groups.
Group I consisted of 312 (32.6%) households in which all
children were vaccinated, Group II 270 (28.2%) where non-e
of the children were vaccinated and Group III 374 (39.2%)
households where only some of their children were vaccinated. Overall
vaccination coverage was 52.7% with a range of 33.9% to 79.3%.
The reasons for refusing vaccination were studied.
The caste, occupation, education etc., of the household did not
have any influence on the refusals. When analysed according to the
knowledge and opinion about vaccination it was observed that 55.9%
of the children were not vaccinated because of the lack of knowledge
in the group where no child was vaccinated. Even when 42% had favourable
opinion about vaccination, 52% of the households did not vaccinate
any of their children. The refusals were mainly due to (i) absence
from the village on the day of vaccination, (ii) fear of prick.
Among households where there was unfavourable opinion, all had refused
due to fear. The reasons for accepting BCG vaccination were (i)
the vaccination was done in the school and hence there was no option
for the parents to accept or refuse, (ii) parents felt that the
vaccination was good for children, (iii) parents knew that it would
|KEY WORDS: BCG VACCINATION, ACCEPTABILITY, RURAL