||The importance of the social sciences for the control
of tuberculosis in underdeveloped areas of the world.
||AME REV RESPIR DIS 1957, 75, 345-346.
The article is written in an era of hospitalization
in the sixties, before domiciliary treatment was studied and recommended.
The editor of the journal recommends that low resource countries
should consider social aspects besides the economic ones for creation
of hospital colonies for the treatment of TB. Without considering
the local, social peculiarities of social and cultural heterogenecity,
stigma, social competition and mortality, the efforts of segregation
may represent greater hardships to an individual or to a family
than the disease itself and a curtailed life. The editor quotes
the plan approved by the Mexican National Security Administration
which has included the social and other aspects besides economic
ones. He recommended that social traits and local peculiarities
to be kept in mind while formulating such plans. He further stresses
that progress in the social sciences requires that, today, efforts
for the control of TB be preceded in the underdeveloped area of
the world by adequately integrated surveys of the whole situation
in which the disease is transmitted. By temperament and by habit,
administrators are fond of buildings and physical structures which
demonstrate investment; but without basic objective knowledge of
the people, of the spirit and structure of the society to which
they belong, the buildings may remain deserted, and costly physical
structures with all the niceties of modern science may be inadequate.
That knowledge is today within our reach.
|KEYWORDS: SOCIAL ASPECTS; SOCIAL RESEARCH; SWEDEN.