||A social perspective of Indias tuberculosis programme.
||NTI NL 1975, 12, 40-44.
In India, TB appears to have been prevalent from
the Vedic civilization, about 1000 B.C. The Indian medical treatises
traceable to the period, contained directions for diagnosis based
on symptoms, therapies based on herbs, metals, minerals and, the
general management of daily life. In 1946, the country's needs were
assessed by the Bhore Committee and subsequently by the Mudaliar
Committee. At this time, the TB problem as a public health problem,
was ignored. With independence, in the late forties, there was a
realisation that large areas of the country were devoid of basic
health services. The development plans of this period were extensive,
appropriate and inter-related. As a result, the NTP and other health
programmes were established. The NTP was formulated in 1961 by the
NTI which was established for this purpose. The programme, based
on a large number of studies, was to serve the community by providing
diagnostic and treatment facilities throughout the country, through
GHS. Currently, in the mid-seventies, due to several socio-political
challenges faced by the country, the achievements of the NTP are
far from expectations.
|KEYWORDS: SOCIAL ASPECTS; HEALTH SERVICES; INDIA.