||The contribution of medical measures to the decline
of mortality from respiratory tuberculosis: An age period-Cohort model.
||DEMOGRAPHY 1982, 19, 409-427.
The decline of mortality in the more developed
nations has been related to two major influences, economic development
and the introduction of medical measures. The contribution of medical
measures has been a source of continuing controversy. Most previous
studies employed either a birth cohort or calendar year arrangement
of mortality data to address this controversy. The present study
applies an age-period-cohort model to mortality from respiratory
TB in England & Wales, Italy, and New Zealand, in an attempt
to separate economic influences from that of medical measures. The
results of the analysis indicate that while the overall contribution
of medical measures is small, when examined by calendar year, specific
birth cohorts both in Italy and England and Wales benefited substantially
from these measures. The environmental conditions in New Zealand,
however, were such that the introduction of medical measures barely
affected declining mortality levels from respiratory TB.
|KEYWORDS: SOCIAL CONDITION; SOCIO-ECONOMICS; HEALTH