||Schoeman JH, Westaway MS & Neethling A
||The relationship between socio-economic factors and
||INTERNATIONAL J EPIDEMIOLOGY 1991, 20, 435-440.
The role of socio-economic factors for the risk
of developing TB is unclear. Differences and similarities between
cases and controls on various socio-economic factors were determined.
Some 84 black TB patients on ambulatory treatment and 84 disease
free controls living in the same urban area (South Africa) and matched
for age and sex were studied. Variables measured were demographic
details, general living conditions, household ownership of luxury
items and, weekly consumption of four proteins (meat, fish, chicken
& cheese). Three socio-economic indices were constructed from
the above variables. No significant differences were found between
cases and controls on most of the variables. Overall, significant
differences were found on the pattern of language groups (chi-square;
p= 0.031) employment groups (chi-square; p= 0.029) and meat (chi-square;
p= 0.012) and chicken consumption (chi-square; p=0.034). A tendency
was observed for more employed cases than controls to have a primary
school education. However, no conclusive evidence was found on the
association between socio-economic factors and risk of developing
TB. The development of a more appropriate socio-economic measure
for developing countries is a necessary step for further research.
|KEYWORDS: SOCIO-ECONOMICS; SOUTH AFRICA.