||The Tuberculosis Association of India.
||Bhore Committee Report 1946, 1, 104-105.
This is a segment of the Bhore Committees
report pertaining to TB and focussing on the history of certain
TB organisations and their services. The desirability of establishing
an All-India association for anti-TB work and of promoting closer
co-operation between Government and voluntary agencies engaged in
fighting TB was emphasised by Dr. Lankester as the result of his
survey of its incidence in India. This suggestion was implemented
in 1929 when it was decided that the funds, raised by public subscription,
should be devoted to the promotion of anti-TB work in the country
and the King George V Thanksgiving Anti-TB Committee was formed.
The organisation consisted of a Central Committee (CC) in New Delhi
and of branch Committees in the Provinces and States. The CC undertook
the organisation of special training courses in TB for medical men
at the All-India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health and the
preparation of propaganda material. The CCs Organising Secretary
focussed attention on the TB problem through various activities.
The next step in the All-India, organised, TB work occurred when,
the excellent responses from the people and Princes of India to
an appeal, led to the organisation of a broad-based campaign, in
turn, resulting in the formation of the TAI, in 1939. The King George
V Thanksgiving Anti-TB Fund was merged with the funds of the TAI.
The CC of TAI provided expert advice and co-ordinated the activities
of the Provinces and States. TAIs main functions were the
standardisation of methods, the promotion of consultation by conferences,
the training of various types of TB workers, the stimulation of
research and education of the public in anti-TB measures. The outbreak
of the second World War crippled TAIs activities to some extent.
Nevertheless, three measures (the establishment of a TB clinic in
New Delhi, the creation of the Lady Linlithgow Sanatorium at Kasauli
and the formulation of the home treatment scheme as an essential
part of the anti-TB campaign), attributed to Dr. Frimodt Moller,
TAIs Medical Commissioner, significantly impacted TB work
|KEYWORDS: VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION; INDIA.