||How can the voluntary bodies best assist in the global
attack on tuberculosis.
||BULL IUAT 1963, 33, 59-60.
The abstract is for the segment of a panel discussion
on the above topic, held in Paris, Sept. 20-21, 1962. To provide
a broad picture of the TB problems globally, the percentage of children
at the age of 14 showing a specific reaction to the standard tuberculin
test as evidence that they have been infected with tubercle bacilli
and, the proportion of adults excreting tubercle bacilli through
the respiratory tract as found by the prevalence surveys of representative
population groups, were presented. These figures indicated the highly
uneven distribution of TB in the world. At one end, there were countries
where 1-3% of all adults were sources of infection. In these countries,
about half of the children were infected at the age of 14. At the
other end, in some countries, the prevalence of TB was so low that
only one of 2,000 or 5,000 adults were found to excrete tubercle
bacilli and only 1-2% of the children at the age of 14 showed a
reaction to the standard tuberculin test. Experience in the means
for controlling TB was also unevenly distributed in the world, with
an inverse relationship seen between the extent of prevalence of
TB and the existence of experienced personnel and facilities. The
main problem in the global attack on TB was to supply the developing
countries with the necessary experienced personnel and the means
to get the TB control programme started. It was suggested that the
specific government should take the primary responsibility for the
control of TB and that the official health authorities should provide
the means and the personnel for implementing the programme. Also,
the population must be prepared and educated to accept the programme,
through voluntary efforts.
|KEYWORDS: VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION; GLOBAL.