||Radha Narayan, Prabhakar S & Susy Thomas
|| A sociological study of awareness of symptoms and
action taking of persons with pulmonary tuberculosis (a re-survey).
||INDIAN J TB 1979, 26, 136-146.
A study on awareness of symptoms of pulmonary TB
and action taking was repeated in the 62 villages and 4 town blocks
of Tumkur district of Karnataka after an interval of 12 years. In
the earlier study, 2106 persons formed the study population. In
the present study, 1752 were intaken to obtain a comparison of these
1752 intaken persons who were eligible for interview, 875 were X-ray
positive and 877 X-ray normal (matched control).
The study showed that 95% of patients having radiologically
active TB by both X-ray readers, 70% by one reader, 49.5% inactive
by both readers, were aware of symptoms. According to the bacteriological
status 79.5% had symptoms among those who were sputum positive by
both microscopy and culture, 62.2% among those positive by culture
alone and 73.7% among patients sputum positive by any method. Regarding
action taking it was observed that 49.5% of the bacteriologically
positive patients took some action compared by 70% of those found
to have radiologically active disease by both X-ray readers. Thus,
action taking was higher among the latter category in both the studies.
It may be due to the fact that extent of lesions are less advanced
among those bacteriologically positive than among those who were
in radiologically positive stage.
The findings of the study are similar to the earlier
awareness study carried out in 1963 in the same area (Tumkur). This
also indicates that in spite of having advantage of DTP for a decade
actual and total benefits have not reached the people.
|KEYWORDS: SOCIAL AWARENESS; SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR; INDIA.