||Occupational therapy in the hospital.
||Tuberculosis Workers Conference, 14th, Uttar Pradesh,
India, 29-31 Jan., 1958, p. 169-175.
The success of the entire treatment program for
the patient with TB or other long-term illness lies not only with
the attending physician and nurse but also with the occupational
therapist. The human problems that can be benefited by occupational
therapy can be physiologic, psychological or both. To be most effective,
occupational therapy must offer a program of activity to meet the
orders in the prescription and to help the patients overcome the
deficient factors themselves. The range of activities used in occupational
therapy is as broad as the needs and the interests of the patients
(example, developing a scrapbook for one who has to have absolute
bed rest; specific work-outs for those whose muscles have become
flaccid; vocabulary building, spelling and arranging for studies
within the intellectual capacities of young patients whose education
was interrupted by illness), the facilities available and the ingenuity
and the initiative of the therapist. Likewise, occupational therapy
for young children helps them adjust to life in the hospital,, improve
adverse, psychological reactions and reduces behavioural problems.
For adolescents, their interests are directed toward vocational
training and often, actual training is initiated in the occupational
therapy programme. Occupational therapy can dramatically shorten
convalescence and improve the degree of recovery in patients.
|KEYWORDS: REHABILITATION; SOCIAL PROBLEM; INDIA.