b) Measures to Improve Treatment Adherence
AU : Seetha MA, Srikantaramu N, Aneja KS & Hardan Singh
TI : Influence of motivation of patients and their family members on the drug collection by patients.
SO : INDIAN J TB 1981, 28, 182-190.
DT : Per
AB :

A controlled study was conducted at LWTDTC, Bangalore, among 250 randomly selected urban patients of pulmonary TB of whom 155 were in the ‘motivation’ group and 95 were in the ‘control’ group. In the motivation group, patients were interviewed by NTI Health Visitor and motivated by LWC staff; a month of drugs (TH) were given. Within 3 days of initiation of treatment they were motivated along with their household members during home visit by NTI staff every month for a period of three months. Control group patients were motivated at the clinic as per the programme guidelines.

In the motivation group, 59.9% of patients had made all the three collections during the first three months compared to 27.8% in the ‘control’ group. During the remaining months also the drug collection was 47% and 35.6% respectively. The drug collection pattern among the patients in the motivation group was found to be better than among the patients in control group who did not have the benefit of home visiting. Sputum conversion was also found accordingly better among the motivation group as compared to control group.


b) Measures to Improve Treatment Adherence
AU : Seetha MA & Aneja KS
TI : Problem of drug default and role of ‘Motivation’.
SO : INDIAN J PUBLIC HEALTH 1982, 36, 234-243.
DT : Per
AB :

The paper stresses the need for an interdisciplinary approach to the study of drug default among TB patients and presents several studies to discuss the role of motivation in reducing drug default, underscoring the importance of using an action-oriented definition of default. One study, conducted by the NTI, determined the number of defaults and the collection at which default occurred through a retrospective analysis of treatment cards. Analysis of the data collected from 2,419 patients showed that a large proportion of patients, whether they visited the (DTC - specialised institutions) or the Rural PHIs (GHIs), dropped out immediately after starting the treatment. Another study, on the influence of initial motivation, was conducted among adult patients newly diagnosed at the Bangalore LWTDTC. Three types of motivational contents for verbal communication were developed and a total of 407 patients were randomly distributed into three groups. The third study determined the influence of patient and family motivation on the drug collection of TB patients, using 250 newly diagnosed cases of TB at LWTDTC. It was concluded from the three studies that age, sex, education and occupation of the patients did not influence the drug collection pattern. Different schedules of motivation with variable quality of contents and, changed sequence of points did not appreciably affect the TB patients’ behaviour. Sputum-positive cases needed strong and more effective motivation compared to sputum-negative ones. Family motivation had a positive influence on the patients’ drug collection pattern.