c. Keywords with Scope Notes

Sl.No. Scope Notes Terminology
1. SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Deals with the natural history of man, his origin, physical measurements, personal characteristics material culture of tribal people, study of folklore. UF=Anthropology
2. SOCIAL APPROACH: Means how a problem, matter is looked in to i.e. the direction of tackling a problem/different ways of tackling a problem movement towards/access towards to a different problem.
UF=Health problem
viewed as social problem
3. SOCIAL ASPECTS: Means action of looking at a problem - i.e., facing a problem. UF=Social implications
4. SOCIAL ATTITUDE: Means the mental state of readiness, organised through experience, exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual directive impulse response to objects, persons or situations with which it is related. UF=Social attitude
5. SOCIAL AWARENESS: A sense of perception of problem or state of being known/informed of a matter etc., includes social perception also. UF=Social awareness
6. SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR: Is a type of social action that is intended to influence the action of one or more persons. Also correlates with the social identification of a problem. Work on organised/unorganised, collective behaviour. UF=Social behavior
Life styles
7. SOCIAL CHANGE: For any given society or culture change may occur due to technology, reconstruction of society, innovation, discovery, to communication on culture etc., either constructively or destructively. UF=Cultural change
Resistance change
8. SOCIAL COST: The cost of goods and cost of services accepted as necessary for life in general.Includes cost of living. UF=Costs
9. SOCIAL DEMOGRAPHY: Statistical study of population. UF=Study of population
and its nature
10. SOCIAL ETHICS: Conduct of life, main taince of social relations UF=Social relations Relationship between individuals & family etc.
11. SOCIAL INQUIRY: Investigations of problems of social research. UF=Social inquiry
12. SOCIAL ISOLATION: Prevention of spread of disease in homes and hospitals, schools and public places through isolation. UF=Isolation of patient
13. SOCIAL LEGISLATION: Legislation imposed on the society to improve the living conditions and also to prevent crimes etc. UF=Political power
Legislation Social security
14 SOCIAL LITERACY: Educational level of population UF=Educational level
15. SOCIAL PATHOLOGY: Deals with the study of diseases in relation to season, climate, race, environment and social conditions. This is studied in collaboration with physician, statistician, medical social workers. Also deals with the quantity and causes of disease and in practice assists prevention. UF=Social pathology
16. SOCIAL PLANNING: Effort to direct social change through a co-ordinated programme of control which includes social and economic planning. UF=Planning
RT=Social policy Social problem
17. SOCIAL PROBLEMS: Deals with problems of society and groups such as poverty, unemployment etc. UF=Poverty Hunger
Social conflict
18. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY: The study of individuals in interaction and in relation to their social environment. UF=Psychological aspects
19. SOCIAL REFORMS/SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: Concerted Action to bring about desired change in the Society e.g, social movements which includes youth movement, reform movements, group socialization etc,. RT=Social change
Social development
20. SOCIAL RESEARCH: Enquiry, investigation directed to the discovery of some fact by careful study. RT=Social inquiry
Social survey
21. SOCIAL STIGMA: A mark of disgrace or infamy; a sign of severe censure or condemnation. For this database, it is interpreted as family affected by disease causing social debar from the society. UF=Social stigma
22. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: Division by caste systems, socio-economic groups, class structure; class determined by family, or kinship, education. UF=Castes Social class
Social inequality
Social status
23. SOCIAL SURVEY: Systematic collection of act about people living in specific geographic cultural and administrative area. UF=Research methods
24. SOCIAL TABOOS: Symbolizes the structure of relations peculiar to a group. Breaking the taboo is disruptive of the moral system which would endanger some or all the relationships RT=Social research
Household surveys
25. SOCIAL WELFARE: Welfare services to physically ill including medical aid and medical relief services offered to hospitals, missionaries and dispensaries etc. UF=Social protection
Social policy
26. SOCIAL WORK: Assistance provided for the social adjustment of individuals by the individual workers, voluntary agencies, group leader etc. UF=Social service
Professional work Social work
27. SOCIO-CULTURAL: Means the health culture of the community which is shaped by the inter play of a member of social, political, cultural and economic. UF=Socio-cultural
28. SOCIO-ECONOMICS: Deals with the problems associated with the social groups based on poverty, poverty areas, social class, social mobility UF=Community facilities
29. SOCIOMETRY: Study of human relations and process of group life. UF=Sociometry
30. SOCIOPOLITICAL: Sociology of regions or areas associated/having issues dealing with political dimensions. UF=Political reasons
Social reasons
31. ETHONOMEDICINE: Deals with the science of to delivery of medical care to primitive man.
32. MIGRATION: Movement from one place to another; to go from one habitat to other. UF=Forced migration
33. MOTIVATION: Motivation is an inner impulse that induces a person to act in a certain way. It is a series of internal drives within a person at different levels. UF=Motivation of patient
34. TECHNOLOGY & SOCIAL CHANGE: Effects of urbanisation, innovation, electronic media etc on family society etc. UF=Innovation
Scientific progress
35. HEALTH CARE: The basic essential public health measures provided to the individual/society for prevention and maintenance of health with free of cost/less cost. UF=Health care
36. HEALTH ECONOMICS: Application of economics to health field. Deals with economic aspects of health services, public policy in financing and organizing health and medical care services. UF=Health expenditure
Health insurance
Welfare economics
37. HEALTH EDUCATION: Educating the public about prevention and control of diseases and how to remain healthy. Education of general population to promote habits of health and hygiene. UF=Basic health
Health safety
Health education
38. HEALTH POLICY: Policies are interpreted as general statements of understanding which guide decision making. These are based on human aspirations, set of values, commitments, assessments of current situation and an image of a desired future situation.
UF=Government policy
Health policy
39. HEALTH SERVICES: Used in connection with facilities to provide health care and medical treatment to individuals. UF=Public admn
Health admn
NT=Health centre
40. HEALTH STATUS: The state of health of a person or a population assessed with reference to general morbidity from particular diseases, impairments.
UF=Health status
41. HEALTH SURVEY: Health survey is a method of research for studying a population or a segment of population in order to assess the health problem status, services or to detect conditions to which preventive measures may be applied. UF=Health survey
42. HEALTH SYSTEMS : An organised set of coordinated structure designed to health services to serve the people at various levels. UF=Health systems
43. DEFAULT: To fail to do a duty through neglect. This term is used for this project as failure of person to take proper treatment. Also included are the reasons for defaulting. UF=Failure of person
taking treatment.
Failure on the
part health care
VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION: An organization supported by voluntary subscriptions to offer services without Government intervention and without compulsion e.g., Learned societies, academics, foundations and associations. UF=Non profit orgn
Neighbourhood orgn
44. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION: A body of persons in the same locality / people having common rights/ totality of entities that is individuals, families, groups and associations etc. This interaction may be classified as political, economic and social
UF=Public partcipation
Social -,,-
NT=Community relations
RT=Community development
45. PRIVATE SECTOR: Confined to individual set up. For this project private sector means the services rendered by general practitioners, nursing homes, private clinics etc. But these are other than voluntary organisations. UF=General practitioner
Nursing homes
Private hospitals
Private enterprises
46. CASE HOLDING: For this data base it is defined as an organisational effort to keep the patient on treatment till he is cured by ensuring proper drug regimen, regularity of drug intake and follow up actions. UF=Case holding
Scope Notes
47. COMPLIANCE: Compliance is defined as the extent to which a person‘s health related behavior coincides with medical advice. Patients will tend to be more compliant with medical advice if they perceive that the drug is important to them & has immediate benefit. UF=Compliance
48. REHABILITATION: The restoration of an ill or injured patient to self-sufficiency or to gainful employment at his highest attainable skill in the shortest possible time.
52. COGNITION: A general term covering all the various modes of knowing, perceiving, remembering, imagining, conceiving, judging and reasoning. The cognitive function, as an ultimate mode or aspect of the conscious life, is contrasted with the affective and conative i.e, feeling and willing. UF= Cognition
53. HOUSE HOLD: Related and unrelated persons who live in the same dwelling unit. UF=Household
54. ADHERENCE: Patients agreement with a recommended regimen and commitment to actuate the course of action recommended by the Physician. UF= Adherence
55. NON ADHERENCE: Patients decision not to participate in a therapeutic regimen UF=Non-adherence
56. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION(NGO): An NGO is an organization or association formed by a group of persons with a common interest, a shared experience or a similar goal. The NGOs may also be called non-profit organization or philanthropic organization/voluntary/community councils or economic and social development groups. They may be organized for a particular purpose; eg. In the field of health-disease specific. The NGOs can be purely local or may have national or international scope. UF=NGO

Abbreviations used : UF = Used for RT = Related term NT = Narrow term

d. Documents consulted for scope notes
1. Dorland‘s illustrated Medical Dictionary; Ed - 27: Tokyo: W.B Saunders Company 1988.
2. Micovic P: Health Planning and Management: A Glossary :India: World Health Organisation, 1984.
3. Drever J: A Dictionary of Psychology: England:Penguin Books,1952.
4. Mitchell & Duncan GA, Ed: Dictionary of Sociology :London:Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968.
5. Sadashivaiah K: A compendium of concepts and definitions: Bangalore, Naveen Mudran Pvt Ltd, 1984.
6. King S: Perceptions of illness and medical practice: New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1962.
7. Gupta GR, Ed:Main currents in Indian sociology: The social & cultural context of medicine in India : New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd,1962.
8. Susser MW & Watson W: Sociology in medicine: New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.
9. The New York academy of medical institute on social medicine: Social medicine, its derivations and objectives New York: The Commonwealth Fund, 1949.
10. Reichman LB & Hershfield ES, Ed: Tuberculosis - a comprehensive international approach: New York, Marcel Deckker, Inc, NY; 1993; 670 - 671.