|| Scope Notes
||SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Deals with
the natural history of man, his origin, physical measurements, personal
characteristics material culture of tribal people, study of folklore.
||SOCIAL APPROACH: Means how a problem,
matter is looked in to i.e. the direction of tackling a problem/different
ways of tackling a problem movement towards/access towards to a different
viewed as social problem
||SOCIAL ASPECTS: Means action of
looking at a problem - i.e., facing a problem.
||SOCIAL ATTITUDE: Means the mental
state of readiness, organised through experience, exerting a directive
or dynamic influence upon the individual directive impulse response
to objects, persons or situations with which it is related.
||SOCIAL AWARENESS: A sense of perception
of problem or state of being known/informed of a matter etc., includes
social perception also.
||SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR: Is a type of social
action that is intended to influence the action of one or more persons.
Also correlates with the social identification of a problem. Work
on organised/unorganised, collective behaviour.
||SOCIAL CHANGE: For any given society
or culture change may occur due to technology, reconstruction of society,
innovation, discovery, to communication on culture etc., either constructively
||SOCIAL COST: The cost of goods and
cost of services accepted as necessary for life in general.Includes
cost of living.
||SOCIAL DEMOGRAPHY: Statistical study
||UF=Study of population
and its nature
||SOCIAL ETHICS: Conduct of life,
main taince of social relations
||UF=Social relations Relationship between
individuals & family etc.
||SOCIAL INQUIRY: Investigations of
problems of social research.
||SOCIAL ISOLATION: Prevention of
spread of disease in homes and hospitals, schools and public places
||UF=Isolation of patient
||SOCIAL LEGISLATION: Legislation
imposed on the society to improve the living conditions and also to
prevent crimes etc.
Legislation Social security
||SOCIAL LITERACY: Educational level
||SOCIAL PATHOLOGY: Deals with the
study of diseases in relation to season, climate, race, environment
and social conditions. This is studied in collaboration with physician,
statistician, medical social workers. Also deals with the quantity
and causes of disease and in practice assists prevention.
||SOCIAL PLANNING: Effort to direct
social change through a co-ordinated programme of control which includes
social and economic planning.
RT=Social policy Social problem
||SOCIAL PROBLEMS: Deals with problems
of society and groups such as poverty, unemployment etc.
||SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY: The study of
individuals in interaction and in relation to their social environment.
||SOCIAL REFORMS/SOCIAL MOVEMENTS:
Concerted Action to bring about desired change in the Society e.g,
social movements which includes youth movement, reform movements,
group socialization etc,.
||SOCIAL RESEARCH: Enquiry, investigation
directed to the discovery of some fact by careful study.
||SOCIAL STIGMA: A mark of disgrace
or infamy; a sign of severe censure or condemnation. For this database,
it is interpreted as family affected by disease causing social debar
from the society.
||SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: Division
by caste systems, socio-economic groups, class structure; class determined
by family, or kinship, education.
||UF=Castes Social class
||SOCIAL SURVEY: Systematic collection
of act about people living in specific geographic cultural and administrative
||SOCIAL TABOOS: Symbolizes the structure
of relations peculiar to a group. Breaking the taboo is disruptive
of the moral system which would endanger some or all the relationships
||SOCIAL WELFARE: Welfare services
to physically ill including medical aid and medical relief services
offered to hospitals, missionaries and dispensaries etc.
||SOCIAL WORK: Assistance provided
for the social adjustment of individuals by the individual workers,
voluntary agencies, group leader etc.
Professional work Social work
||SOCIO-CULTURAL: Means the health
culture of the community which is shaped by the inter play of a member
of social, political, cultural and economic.
||SOCIO-ECONOMICS: Deals with the
problems associated with the social groups based on poverty, poverty
areas, social class, social mobility
||SOCIOMETRY: Study of human relations
and process of group life.
||SOCIOPOLITICAL: Sociology of regions
or areas associated/having issues dealing with political dimensions.
||ETHONOMEDICINE: Deals with the science
of to delivery of medical care to primitive man.
||MIGRATION: Movement from one place
to another; to go from one habitat to other.
||MOTIVATION: Motivation is an inner
impulse that induces a person to act in a certain way. It is a series
of internal drives within a person at different levels.
||UF=Motivation of patient
||TECHNOLOGY & SOCIAL CHANGE:
Effects of urbanisation, innovation, electronic media etc on family
||HEALTH CARE: The basic essential
public health measures provided to the individual/society for prevention
and maintenance of health with free of cost/less cost.
||HEALTH ECONOMICS: Application of
economics to health field. Deals with economic aspects of health services,
public policy in financing and organizing health and medical care
||HEALTH EDUCATION: Educating the
public about prevention and control of diseases and how to remain
healthy. Education of general population to promote habits of health
||HEALTH POLICY: Policies are interpreted
as general statements of understanding which guide decision making.
These are based on human aspirations, set of values, commitments,
assessments of current situation and an image of a desired future
||HEALTH SERVICES: Used in connection
with facilities to provide health care and medical treatment to individuals.
||HEALTH STATUS: The state of health
of a person or a population assessed with reference to general morbidity
from particular diseases, impairments.
||HEALTH SURVEY: Health survey is
a method of research for studying a population or a segment of population
in order to assess the health problem status, services or to detect
conditions to which preventive measures may be applied.
||HEALTH SYSTEMS : An organised set
of coordinated structure designed to health services to serve the
people at various levels.
||DEFAULT: To fail to do a duty through
neglect. This term is used for this project as failure of person to
take proper treatment. Also included are the reasons for defaulting.
||UF=Failure of person
Failure on the
part health care
|VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION: An organization
supported by voluntary subscriptions to offer services without Government
intervention and without compulsion e.g., Learned societies, academics,
foundations and associations.
||UF=Non profit orgn
||COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION: A body
of persons in the same locality / people having common rights/ totality
of entities that is individuals, families, groups and associations
etc. This interaction may be classified as political, economic and
||PRIVATE SECTOR: Confined to individual
set up. For this project private sector means the services rendered
by general practitioners, nursing homes, private clinics etc. But
these are other than voluntary organisations.
||CASE HOLDING: For this data base
it is defined as an organisational effort to keep the patient on treatment
till he is cured by ensuring proper drug regimen, regularity of drug
intake and follow up actions.
||COMPLIANCE: Compliance is defined
as the extent to which a persons health related behavior coincides
with medical advice. Patients will tend to be more compliant with
medical advice if they perceive that the drug is important to them
& has immediate benefit.
||REHABILITATION: The restoration
of an ill or injured patient to self-sufficiency or to gainful employment
at his highest attainable skill in the shortest possible time.
||COGNITION: A general term covering
all the various modes of knowing, perceiving, remembering, imagining,
conceiving, judging and reasoning. The cognitive function, as an ultimate
mode or aspect of the conscious life, is contrasted with the affective
and conative i.e, feeling and willing.
||HOUSE HOLD: Related and unrelated
persons who live in the same dwelling unit.
||ADHERENCE: Patients agreement with
a recommended regimen and commitment to actuate the course of action
recommended by the Physician.
||NON ADHERENCE: Patients decision
not to participate in a therapeutic regimen
||NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION(NGO):
An NGO is an organization or association formed by a group of
persons with a common interest, a shared experience or a similar goal.
The NGOs may also be called non-profit organization or philanthropic
organization/voluntary/community councils or economic and social development
groups. They may be organized for a particular purpose; eg. In the
field of health-disease specific. The NGOs can be purely local or
may have national or international scope.
||Dorlands illustrated Medical Dictionary; Ed - 27: Tokyo: W.B
Saunders Company 1988.
||Micovic P: Health Planning and Management: A Glossary :India: World
Health Organisation, 1984.
||Drever J: A Dictionary of Psychology: England:Penguin Books,1952.
||Mitchell & Duncan GA, Ed: Dictionary of Sociology :London:Routledge
& Kegan Paul, 1968.
||Sadashivaiah K: A compendium of concepts and definitions: Bangalore,
Naveen Mudran Pvt Ltd, 1984.
||King S: Perceptions of illness and medical practice: New York: Russell
Sage Foundation, 1962.
||Gupta GR, Ed:Main currents in Indian sociology: The social &
cultural context of medicine in India : New Delhi: Vikas Publishing
House Pvt Ltd,1962.
||Susser MW & Watson W: Sociology in medicine: New York: Oxford
University Press, 1962.
||The New York academy of medical institute on social medicine: Social
medicine, its derivations and objectives New York: The Commonwealth
||Reichman LB & Hershfield ES, Ed: Tuberculosis - a comprehensive
international approach: New York, Marcel Deckker, Inc, NY; 1993; 670